Seafarers Earnings Deduction – The Yacht Crew Tax Exemption

Self Assessment Tax Return Form

Are you pondering the different aspects of yacht crew income taxation and how that applies to you?

There is a lot of questions surrounding the Seafarers Earnings Deduction in the UK, especially for those who happen to be employed on ships and in different locations offshore away from the country.

I am sure you may have heard the different angles and misinformation that is commonly out there.

This guide will dispel myths and false information, while sharing with you how to utilise the Seafarers Earnings Deduction and how it may or may not apply to you.

Below is outlined the different details of this bill and how it can help you significantly if you are governed under this tax deduction.

Super Yacht in Port

How to Qualify for SED

The first requirement is that you must be a resident of the United Kingdom.

This means all earnings you gain through your employment aboard a ship are subject to tax under UK law.

If you find that you qualify for this tax exemption, it is a specialised discount entitled to those who are UK citizens employed as seafarers.

This yacht crew tax may apply to you specifically because this deduction was created to help with the competition and expenses associated in the worldwide seafaring industries.

It will be explained further below.

Requirements to be Deemed a Seafarer

To begin with, under United Kingdom laws a seafarer is considered to be an individual who works all of his or her hours on a ship or completes a majority of their work-related tasks on the ship.

Strangely enough, this does not apply to the UK military that spends a great deal of their time in foreign waters, although this may change in the future.

At this moment in time, all military personnel are not eligible for this tax break.

The SED Definition of a Ship

What the Seafarers Earnings Deduction constitutes as a ship is not listed however, examples of what a ship is not are listed.

If you are employed on:

  • a floating production platform
  • fixed floating production platform
  • floating production storage
  • floating storage units, offloading vessels
  • flotels
  • drill-ships
  • jack-up units
  • semi-submersible drilling units
  • mobile offshore drilling units

…then you do not qualify!

If you are employed on any of the above specific rigs then you are not considered a seafarer and cannot apply the Seafarers Earnings Deduction on your self-assessment tax returns.

There are also other requirements as listed below.

In any given working year, you have to begin your voyage while employed from a foreign port or ending your voyage from a foreign trip.

This means that if you leave while employed from the UK, you won’t be covered by this tax law.

If you are employed in gas drilling rigs or oil offshore rigs, you can have your journey covered if you go to a rigging platform that is outside of the United Kingdom and not within UK water areas.

The last component of the SED rules is that you spend over 365 days outside of the United Kingdom going to and from foreign destinations in international waterways.

Once the 365 days have been achieved, you will then be able to benefit from the Seafarers Earnings Deduction.

The only way you could potentially interrupt this is if you were to incur a failure, which could cause you to lose access to the Seafarers Earnings Deduction.

A failure is considered if you spend over 183 days inside the UK or if you break the half day rule and visit the UK.

Every day that is on your claim is added and then divided by 2.

All days that you spend within the United Kingdom are added to that total amount.

If the second amount is larger then the first sum, then you will incur a failure.

A new claim period begins when you depart the UK and it ends when you return.

Money Savings Jar

Be sure to keep all of your records and paperwork and supply them at tax time.

You will need access to your employment records, passports, visas, freeboard logs of ships you were on, airline ticket receipts, travel vouchers, seafarer’s discharge book and also boarding passes too.

Using the Seafarers Earnings Deduction is incredibly invaluable and helps with the worldwide marketplace of the seafaring industry for UK citizens.

It can offer you a massive discount on your taxes and give you a large portion of it back.

Be sure to talk to a specialist yacht crew tax accountant that can explain the full details and whether or not the Seafarers Earning Deduction applies to you.

A yacht crew tax specialist will be your best advisor but if you understand that these specific rules apply to you as a yacht crew person then by all means, find out how you can get this deduction for your benefit.

4 Ways Technology Will Improve Your Exhibition Stand

When it comes to the different formats of exhibition design it seems that this world is changing and new elements are being used to help gain attention and build better sales conversations. Within this article, you will learn of four unique methods you can use to capitalise on the potential to gain attention and promote brand recognition to your target audience at trade shows and other areas where you will be using an exhibition stand. When it comes to setting yourself apart as a business and a brand from the crowd and to create a compelling presence, you will want to integrate technology to maximise the number of leads generated at exhibitions without having to maximise the usage of an on-stand sales team. By continuing to read this you will discover different examples for exhibition stands that include things like video, iPads, virtual reality, holographs, touch screens and other technologies that improve the presence and impact of your exhibition stand.

UTStarcom Exhibition Stand
UTStarcom’s CES 2008 Exhibition Stand Was Hugely Impressive. Image credit: Engadget

The following four suggestions can improve your overall branding and marketing power and will help keep you at the leading edge of your competition. If you do not yet fully understand the ability and benefits of exhibition stand technology pay attention to the following techniques. These are being used by the top marketing firms and companies to bring about a much greater branding effect and to increase customer engagement as well as capturing leads. If you want to maximise the usefulness of exhibition stand marketing then follow this list of suggestions and brainstorm ideas that can work for your own brand or marketing needs.

1. You want to gain attention, create desire and engage your customers

Using the latest technology can help you to bring about a larger buzz around your stand. You want to be remembered and using the best technology will make your stand the centre of attention at an exhibition and will provide a much needed long lasting and positive impression for your brand. You can also use technology to capture leads as well as visitor data and other information. Your options when utilising technology are really only limited by your imagination and budget. Using things such as interactive screens, walls and flooring, as well as motion sensor technology, can capture the attention of customers and connect them with your brand. You can also utilise location-based tools to engage with visitors. You can do such things as send offers and promotions to customers on their smartphones as just one small example of what you can do.

2. You can use technology to increase connection with your brand

Using technology like leaderboards and apps can easily improve the exhibition experience and deliver a greater impact. You can create an engaging stand and use technology to collect important digital data and customer information. When you choose to invest in exhibition technology you can have your sales team focus on speaking with visitors while the tech aspect can provide detailed statistics and information you can use for future events. You can do things like capture names and emails of your visitors, phone numbers, social media information too. We are in a much more socially connected world and utilising the latest technology can help make a greater impact on your return on investment with exhibition stand design.

3. Technology can easily create a better experience for visitors

Embracing technology such as apps and digital touch points can give your attendees different sales and marketing information without having to carry it around with them. You can use digital technology to collect data about visitors including capturing leads and to help increase communication between the brand and visitors before, during and even after the show has taken place.

4. You can simplify your ability to calculate return on investment

Being able to find out the actual success of your trade exhibit is not the easiest task. Sales will typically be sparked the day of the event but won’t take effect until later in time. With technology, it allows you the ability to measure engagement, capture analytics and provide opportunities to follow-up and target visitors and leads which is integral to discovering your return on investment.

Exhibition visitors want an engaging experience that is entirely unique and is memorable. Using technology as a backbone of your trade exhibit is important. Being able to engage your visitor on different sensory levels and engaging their emotions is important for branding and making an impact. Technology can play a big part of the success of your exhibit so be sure to integrate it into your strategy.


The author acknowledges the following third parties for referencing their content:


How to improve your kitchen by spray painting the cupboard doors

Your kitchen is one of the most important rooms in your house, and you need to make sure that it is a pleasant environment for all the family. Preparing meals, washing dishes and serving meals, are important activities for every family’s daily routine, and if your kitchen is no longer as appealing and as stylish as it once used to be, it may be time to do something about it.

A Tired Dated Kitchen Can Be Transformed With a Lick of Paint. Image credit: Photo Critique

The truth is that most people do not have the time to see to a full kitchen replacement project, and probably you have a limited budget too, as a new kitchen is extremely costly. However you can still improve the look of your kitchen by opting for some more reasonable choices. One of these is to spray paint your kitchen cupboard doors. If you come to think of it the cabinet doors are the main element in your kitchen. They are what draws most attention. If you no longer like the colour of your doors or they look tired and dated, you can give them a whole new look by simply painting them. And besides being affordable, it is also quite simple too.

To spray paint your kitchen cabinets you will need a lot of paint in a colour that you like and a paint sprayer to make the job as effortless and as quick as possible, not to mention less messy! You will need to remove the cabinet doors one-by-one, as well as all the hardware including hinges. Labelling the doors to avoid confusion later on when you will be reinstalling is very important.

Painting Kitchen Cabinets is Easy with a Roller. Image credit: DIY Network

Make sure to clean the old cabinet doors thoroughly first. Stick tape in the hinge holes so as to keep out the paint.  Then prime them with a stain-blocking primer. Should there be any small holes, dings or scratches, you may wish to seal to them with packing compound. Sand lightly, without removing the finish. Then follow with a good quality latex enamel. It is very important that you apply more than one coat. So after the first coat has been allowed to dry well, you are then ready to spray paint over it again. For the cabinet frames you may wish to use a brush or a small roller for better results. When the doors are dry, you can then install the hardware and hang them in their respective places. Make sure the hinges fit snugly.

You will need to be careful to avoid paint runs or any marks especially on the sides of the cabinets. So you may wish to practice on some scrap pieces of wood first so as to get the hang of it. Also, make sure to wear suitable protection while you spray paint, especially a mask respirator. If you do not want to do this yourself you will also find experienced people who offer this kind of service.

As long as your cabinet doors are still in good shape and structurally sound, it is perfectly plausible to simply spray paint them to give them a new look. A fresh lick of paint can work wonders and give you one of the quickest, cost effective kitchen makeovers possible and make you the envy of all your friends.

External Credits

The following websites were used as referencing material to bring the article together, and we therefore would like to thank:

Personal Injury Claims: Finding the Best Solicitor

Getting Legal Compensation the Right Way

Experiencing any type of personal injury is distressing. Be it a car crash, a fall, a case of medical malpractice, or an accident at work, you deserve compensation for what happened and for what you suffered. Apart from the actual medical consequences and their expenses, most probably you also went through a period where you were unable to go to work. You might have been affected psychologically as well, and your accident or injury may have had a lasting impact on your ability to perform certain tasks, or even an effect on your family. The result of a personal injury are broad and manifold. Thus, the seriousness of the case varies, but regardless of what happened, one thing is for sure – you need the legal assistance of a personal injury lawyer.

The Purpose of Tort Law. Image credit: Github

Understanding tort law

A personal injury lawyer is a lawyer who would have specialized in tort law. He or she will have extensive experience in handling such cases, and the main aim will obviously be to help you get what is rightfully yours, financially or otherwise. Choosing a personal injury lawyer that you feel confident in is really important. As you go through your research of prospective personal injury lawyers you will be focusing on a number of factors, including:

  • Their level of experience and years of practice
  • Their reputation
  • Trial experience
  • The cases won
  • Location
  • Fee structure

Apart from these factors, you will also need to ascertain whether the lawyer of your choice is a dedicated one or not. There are many lawyers who unfortunately tackle cases as if they were a number, thus failing to show empathy and understanding to their clients, who are after all going through a difficult period after sustaining this injury or accident. Thus, make sure to feel comfortable with the personal injury lawyer that you intend to choose.

It is also highly recommended to look up some reviews the lawyer’s past clients have posted online about their experience with him/her and the result of the case that the lawyer handled for them.

The personal injury solicitor of your choice will be dealing with your case in a certain manner. The way forward will naturally depend on the severity of your case and the type of personal injury you sustained. Personal injuries can have different repercussions, and the lawyer will be discussing your expectations with you so as to decide the best way forward. In some cases medical negligence or a case of carelessness might even have led to serious injuries, where the victim could not perform to the best of his/her bodily abilities any longer. In some cases serious disabilities or even death may have resulted, and thus there would be grounds to file a lawsuit. The lawyer will be helping you out with his or her legal advice and guidance throughout this difficult period. Choosing the right personal injury lawyer will greatly improve your chances of getting a favourable outcome from your case.

A Typical UK Courtroom. Image credit: Daily Mail

The personal injury lawyer you hire should be experienced in the type of accident you experienced or the type of injury you sustained. For instance,

  • Slip, trip and fall accidents – generally happen due to negligence to the required maintenance. The owners of the property where the accident happened will be responsible for the unreasonable risk that was posed. This also includes passageways and floors, and the presence of anything that could be deemed hazardous.
  • Road traffic accidents – sometimes people suffer injuries due to a road traffic accident which was not their fault. This could be a pedestrian or a cyclist hit by a passing vehicle, or an injury sustained while you were a passenger in a vehicle, for instance.
  • Workplace accidents and work-related illnesses – an injury suffered at the place of work may lead to proper compensation by the employer. The place of work needs to be safe, and if there has been an accident, it could be due to a hazardous working environment, and this is where the personal injury lawyer will come into play to safeguard your rights as a worker and help you get rightful compensation.
  • Medical negligence – medical malpractice is another part of personal injury law. Basically, if one feels that as a result of medical negligence he/she suffered some form of injury, legal advice is to be sought. Medical providers need to follow a certain recognized standard of care, and if they fail to do so, a case of medical negligence or malpractice may be established.

The personal injury lawyer will start working on your case by ascertaining what happened precisely, as well as collect any evidence. The goal is to establish who is liable for the damages and injuries, while also highlighting the extent and the nature of the damages and injuries. A trial may be required, and the personal injury lawyer will be defending your case while trying to get the best possible compensation for the injuries you suffered.

Understanding the various types of commercial building fit outs

Knowing your Cat A from Cat B or Shell & Core

The term fit-out describes the process of making the interior of a building look and feel more complete, so that one may start to occupy it. In the case of commercial fit-outs this involves completing the inside of a building to use it as an office, retail outlet, or factory. Whatever type of commercial purpose the building is going to serve, there are various things that need to be installed, such as machines, equipment, computers, audio visual equipment, facilities and so much more. Therefore, when a future occupant tries to reach an agreement with a developer, it is important that the various factors are taken into account. This is even more important when considering that there are varying degrees of fit-outs, and since there is no specific or standard definition of the terms, it is critical to draw up a contract which clearly stipulates what shall be seen to and what shall not be handled by the developer.

There are three main types of fit-outs, and they vary from Shell and Core which is the most basic, to Category B fit-outs where the degree of completion of the building is practically completed from A to Z. As a sort of average type of fit-out in between these two, there is the Category A fit-out. Let us discuss each one of them in some more detail.

Tenants should only expect the bare bones structure when occupying a Shell & Core premises. Image credit: Locanto

Shell & Core Fit-out

Shell and Core consists of a fit-out where, as the name implies, all the shell and core works are seen to by the developer. This includes the basic structure of the building, cladding, base plant and the completion of the exterior of the building, and any common areas. This type of fit-out will make any building look quite sparse from the inside. The main reception or lobby, any staircases, basements, lift shafts and toilets will have been seen to, but there is so much more to be done until the building can be occupied. Hence the shell and core fit-out is the most basic type of fit-out, where there is no time and effort spent on the interior design or brand image of the company that will be operating from this building. It is basically all about completing the skeleton of the building, and any flesh, so to speak, will be added later on.

Category A Fit-out

In this type of fit-out, there are some more works carried out inside the building. So there will be the installation and distribution of electrical and mechanical services, as well as any raised floors and suspended ceilings. Internal surface finishings will also be carried out. This type of fit-out is ideal for those tenants who are not going to have high-end specifications for the interior design and décor of their offices. As long as there are not complex fit-out requirements, this type of fit-out is often considered to be the most practical type of fit-out.

Tenants can expect a fully fitted, bespoke interior branded to their company style with a Cat B fit out. Image credit: Price Compare

Category B Fit-out

This is the other end of the spectrum in the range of fit-outs. This is where a lot of emphasis is placed on how the finished building is going to look like from the inside. Not every commercial development company offers this type of fit-out as in most cases these clients will have very specific requirements which are best taken care of by a professional office interior design or refurbishment company. As there will be a lot of emphasis placed on the final touches and finishes, so as to bring out the branding element of the company that will be based in the building, this type of fit-out will involve more time and expense to be completed.

In a Category B fit-out there will be the installation of the offices themselves, as well as any specialist facilities like conference rooms, meeting rooms, board rooms, reception areas and kitchen areas. All equipment will be installed, as well as the furniture and fittings. A Category B fit-out is one where the design elements of the office are seen to in a detailed manner, up until the office is not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing.

Agreements & Contracts

It is very important that prior to starting any work or making any payments, there is an agreement between the parties. The developer will need to know what the client wants so as to be able to fulfil his expectations and any specific requirements. Negotiations may need to be carried out especially when there is a lack of agreement of what shall be seen to and what will not be completed by the developer. This may include the provision of certain equipment in common areas such as standby generators, and the level of completion of certain facilities which may fall between a Category A and a Category B fit-out. Therefore everything should be clearly described in a contract.

Each commercial property and landlord agreement is unique. One agreement will be different from another not only as one building differs from another, but also because each developer and client is going to have different boundaries, expectations and specifications respectively.

Why is Planned Preventative Maintenance Important?

Save Your Commercial Business from Spiralling Costs

One of the biggest investments one can make is buying a property. Be it a house or a commercial establishment, a property is the biggest asset most people have, and this means that it needs to be well maintained so as to ensure that its value does not go down in time. If you were to take into account how many things and elements make up a property, you will go on and on. Some of the most obvious ones include plumbing, electricity, lighting, HVAC, roofing, flooring and walls. But there are also various others. Failure to inspect and maintain these on a regular basis will lead to various problems, as well as a reduction in the property value. Therefore planned preventative maintenance is of utmost importance, and the larger a building is, the more critical it becomes.

Planned preventative maintenance should be carried out just as the name implies, with a plan. The plan should state what type of inspection and work will need to be carried out at specified times, such as monthly, quarterly, yearly, and so on. Thanks to a PPM schedule, routine maintenance can repairs can be carried out more easily and at ideal time intervals, and this will also help in staggering the costs rather than ending up paying a considerable amount of money at one go. Thus with a PPM schedule, the annual maintenance cost cycle can be optimised, while also ensuring that the value of the property is maintained and enhanced. Besides, breakdown, failures and other serious problems can be prevented as any problems will most likely be noticed and repaired before they get worse or beyond repair. Therefore planned preventative maintenance can actually lead to cost savings as there will most likely be reduced replacement costs. Equipment, machines, amenities and facilities will also have improved reliability.

Some of the main jobs that are carried out during planned preventative maintenance include:

Air Conditioning Servicing

Air conditioning units can be found in practically every commercial establishment as they are indispensable for a comfortable working environment. However regular air conditioning maintenance servicing need to be carried out to ensure that the units are operating at their utmost efficiency. This not only affects the energy savings but also has an impact on indoor air quality.

UK businesses must have electrics inspected every 5 years by law. Image credit: Mister Sparky

Periodic Electrical Inspections

These are extremely important since a sound electrical system is the foundation of any commercial establishment. Just imagine how many machines, computers, lights and other devices are running in a commercial building! Planned maintenance schedules can guarantee that your electricity system is running properly and gets well maintained, while also making sure that everything is in compliance with statutory guidelines. Emergency light testing and fire alarm maintenance is also important.


The more lighting fixtures there are, the larger the need to check them out periodically so as to make sure that they are operating efficiently, and whenever there is the need, they get replaced. This has a huge impact on energy efficiency and savings.

Regular Heating & Boiler Inspection can save potentially thousands in costs of replacement. Image credit: Saga

Heating & Boiler Servicing

Gas safety inspections should be carried out regularly. Boiler plant maintenance is important, as are hot water plant maintenance. Sometimes adjustments to heating controls will greatly reduce fuel costs. There may be cases where it is more economical to replace a boiler and this can only be ascertained if regular checks are carried out. Heating system repairs are of utmost importance too.

Plumbing & Sanitation

Reliable plumbing is critical for a well-run building. It is important to keep an eye on any leakages no matter how small they may seem. Pipes should be unblocked, drains running properly, and there should not be any problem with toilets flushing. From time to time pipework repairs may be required and drainage problems may easily crop up. Periodic drain cleaning is important. Any cold water storage tanks and boosted pump systems will also be seen to.

Routine maintenance can help to keep track of what is going on in the building, and what needs to be done to improve the running and efficiency of various operations. These ultimately affect costs and profits. Therefore any business needs to place importance on a planned preventative maintenance schedule that can see to all of these aspects. Hiring a company that can see to all of these maintenance services can greatly reduce the demanding nature of the countless things to see to, and jobs to be carried out. Most of these specialists will be licensed professionals who will also help you keep track of what is done and when, while also recommending any changes, ameliorations or replacements that are to be carried out for improved efficiency and savings. Generally a contract is drawn which will also include 24 hour emergency services. For a large commercial establishment this is the most feasible way to go about carrying out planned preventative maintenance.